Tehran: The Capital


The capital of Iran is located in the north of the country on a plateau at the foot of the towering Alborz mountain range. Mount Damavand, the highest point in Iran, majestically rise up to the northeast side and is visible from Tehran, 66 Km away. There is a height difference of about 600 meters between the northern and the southern edges of Tehran, which gives a special view to the city.

Tehran is Iran’s largest city and one of the most populous cities of the world. The original settlement of Tehran may have been founded as early as the 4th century on the north of the ancient city of Rey. By the early 13th century it was a small village. Since its establishment as the capital city by Qajar dynasty more than 200 years ago, Tehran has grown from a small city to a major metropolis with a population of around 9 million in the city and 16 million in the wider metropolitan area.

Tehran has a wealth of traditional and modern attractions side by side. In one hand it is home to many historical collections, such as the royal palaces, great museums, traditional bazaars, old governmental buildings, and classic Iranian teahouses and restaurants. On the other hand, it is packed with contemporary art museum and galleries, modern shopping mall, cosmopolitan cuisine, pretty gardens and parks, and hiking trails and ski resorts.

Tehran’s most famous landmarks are Azadi Tower, combining modern architecture with traditional Iranian influences, and the 435-meter-high Milad Tower which is the sixth tallest tower in the world. A recent landmark of the city, designed by a young female architect, is the magnificent 270-meter pedestrian overpass of Tabiat Bridge connecting two public parks by spanning one of the main highways in northern Tehran.